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||Agra, Uttar Pradesh
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Located on the banks of Yamuna river, built entirely in red sand stone, Agra red fort allure the travelers with its charm. Primarily established in 1565 as a military base during Akbar's reign, Agra fort was converted into a palace, during the rule of Shah Jahan.
Architecture of Agra Red Fort
The principal structure of the fort was built by Akbar and later on many more additions were made to Agra fort by his grandsons. The massive Agra fort is 2.5 km long and is considered as the predecessor of the Delhi Red fort. The colossal walls are 20 feet high and the whole Agra red fort is encircled by a fetid moat. Amar Singh gate towards the south is the only entry point in the fort. The building and structures inside the Agra fort gives an impression of a city within the city. Many of the building inside the fort is now closed for the public.
What to see while visiting Agra Fort
These formal 85 square geometric gardens lie to the left of the fort. During Shahjahan's time, the beauty of the gardens was considerably enhanced by decorative flower beds.
The curved chala roofs of the small pavilions by the Khaas Mahal are based on the roof shape of Bengali village huts constructed out of curved bamboo, designed to keep off heavy rains.
This is the first notable building inside the Agra Fort. It was built by Akbar especially for his son Jahangir. This elegant, double storey building reflects a strong Hindu influence with protruding balconies and domed chhatris.
This was the throne where Jahangir used to sit during his reign.
This was the place where the royal musicians used to play the music for the King and his courtiers.
Rang Mahal or the Pleasure Palace was the palace that was especially built for the wives and the mistresses of the King.
Also called the Hammam-i-Shahi this palace was the private work area of Shah Jahan. With an architectural design, that allow the free flow of air from all sides, Shahi Burj was also used as a royal summer retreat.
Opposite to the Mussaman Burj and just below the Diwan-E- Khas hall is the Sheesh Mahal or the glass palace. It was believed to be the harem dressing room and its walls are inlaid with tiny mirrors.
Interesting Facts About Agra Red Fort
» Initially Agra Fort was a brick fort that was seized by Rajput rulers and it was later that the Mughal took over it.
» Sikandar Lodhi, the first Sultan of Delhi, also lived in this fort when he shifted to Agra.
» The Agra Fort plays a key role in the Sherlock Holmes mystery, 'The Sign of the Four' by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle.
» Even the song Jashan E Bahara from the movie Jodha Akbar was also shot here.
» The Agra Fort was featured in the music video for Habibi Da, a hit song of Egyptian pop star Hisham Abbas.
How to reach Agra Fort
Reach Agra airport which is just 12.5 km away from the city.
Agra Junction is the main station. Get down there and from there you can opt for local bus or taxi service.
Road transportation from Delhi to Agra takes approximately 3.5 - 4 hours. Taxis and buses are available from Delhi to Agra.
Timings & Entry Fees
» Foreigners: Rs 520/-
» Indians: INR Rs 20/-
» Open on all Days ( also be aware of the Guides who charge money from the travelers)
Tour Packages of Agra